A Brief History of Human Sex

http://www.livescience.com Heather Whipps

Birds do it, bees do it, humans since the dawn of time have done it.

But just how much has the act really changed through the millennia and even in past decades? Are humans doing it more? Are we doing it better? Sort of, say scientists. But it’s how people fess up to the truth about their sex lives that has changed the most over the years.

Humans have basically been the same anatomically for about 100,000 years—so what is safe to say is that if we enjoy it now, then so did our cave-dwelling ancestors and everyone else since, experts say.

 

“Just as our bodies tell us what we might like to eat, or when we should go to sleep, they lay down for us our pattern of lust,” says University of Toronto psychologist Edward Shorter. “Sex has always offered pleasure.”

Hard wired

Sexuality has a lot to do with our biological framework, agreed Joann Rodgers, director of media relations and lecturer at Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions.

“People and indeed all animals are hard wired to seek out sex and to continue to do so,” Rodgers said in a recent interview. “I imagine that is evidence that people at least like sex and even if they don’t they engage in it as a biological imperative.”

It is nearly impossible to tell, however, whether people enjoyed sex more 50 years ago or 50,000 years ago, said David Buss, professor of psychology at the University of Texas and author of “The Evolution of Desire: Strategies of Human Mating” (Basic Books, 2003).

There is “no reason to think that we do more now than in the past, although we are certainly more frank about it,” Buss told LiveScience.

Indeed, cultural restraints—rather than anything anatomical—have had the biggest effect on our sexual history, Shorter says.

“To be sure, what people actually experience is always a mixture of biological and social conditioning: Desire surges from the body, the mind interprets what society will accept and what not, and the rest of the signals are edited out by culture,” he writes in his book, “Written in the Flesh: A History of Desire” (University of Toronto Press, 2005).

That’s not to say that cultural norms keep people from exploring the taboo, but only what is admitted to openly, according to archaeologist Timothy Taylor of Great Britain’s University of Bradford.

“The idea that there is a sexual line that must not be crossed but in practice often is, is far older than the story of Eve’s temptation by the serpent,” he writes in “The History of Sex: Four Million Years of Human Sexual Culture” (Bantam Books, 1996).

Modern advances

Religion especially has held powerful sway over the mind’s attitude towards the body’s carnal desires, most sexual psychologists agree. Men and women who lived during the pious Middle Ages were certainly affected by the fear of sin, Shorter said, though he notes there were other inhibiting factors to consider, too.

“The low priority attached to sexual pleasure by people who lived in distant times is inexplicable unless one considers the hindrances that existed in those days,” Shorter writes. He points especially to the 1,000 years of misery and disease—often accompanied by some very un-sexy smells and itching—that led up to the Industrial Revolution. “After the mid-nineteenth century, these hindrances start to be removed, and the great surge towards pleasure begins.”

Many historians and psychologists see the late 1800s as a kind of watershed period for sexuality in the Western world. With the industrial revolution pushing more and more people together—literally—in dense, culturally-mixed neighborhoods, attitudes towards sex became more liberal.

The liberalization of sexuality kicked into high gear by the 1960s with the advent of the birth control pill, letting women get in on the fun and act on the basis of desire as men always had, according to Shorter.

“The 1960s vastly accelerated this unhesitant willingness to grab sex for the sheer sake of physical pleasure,” he said, noting that the trend ofopenly seeking out sex just because it feels good, rather than for procreation alone, has continued on unabated into the new millennium.

Global variations

But despite the modern tendency towards sexual freedom, even today there are vast differences in attitudes across the world, experts say.

“Cultures vary tremendously in how early they start having sex, how open they are about it, and how many sexual partners they have,” said Buss, noting that Swedes generally have many partners in their lifetime and the Chinese typically have few.

An informal 2005 global sex survey sponsored by the condom company Durex confirmed Buss’ views. Just 3 percent of Americans polled called their sex lives “monotonous,” compared to a sizable 26 percent of Indian respondents. While 53 percent of Norwegians wanted more sex than they were having (a respectable 98 times per year, on average), 81 percent of the Portuguese were quite happy with their national quota of 108 times per year.

Though poll numbers and surveys offer an interesting window into the sex lives of strangers, they’re still constrained by the unwillingness of people to open up about a part of their lives that’s usually kept behind closed doors.

And what if we weren’t bound by such social limitations? Taylor offers the promiscuous—and very laid-back—bonobo chimpanzee as a utopian example.

“Bonobos have sex most of the time … a fairly quick, perfunctory, and relaxed activity that functions as a social cement,” he writes. “But for cultural constraints, we would all behave more like bonobos. In physical terms, there is actually nothing that bonobos do that some humans do not sometimes do.”

Trivia and weird, strange, fun facts about the UK

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1/ A pregnant woman may relieve herself wherever she wishes.

2/ It is an executable offense to allow your pet to mate with a pet of the royal house without permission.

3/ The phrase “rule of thumb” is derived from an old English law which stated that you couldn’t beat your wife   with anything wider than your thumb.

4/ Up until 1752 Britain used the Julian calendar and New Years day was on 25th March.

5/ No word in the English language rhymes with month, orange, silver or purple

6/ It is legal for a male to urinate in public, as long it is on the rear wheel of his motor vehicle and his right hand is on the vehicle

7/ William the Conqueror ordered that everyone should go to bed at eight o’clock.

8/ In Shakespeare’s time, mattresses were secured on bed frames by ropes. When you pulled on the ropes the mattress tightened, making the bed firmer to sleep on. That’s where the phrase, “goodnight, sleep tight” came from.

9/ In Chester you can only shoot a Welsh person with a bow and arrow inside the city walls and after midnight

10/ The shortest war in history was between Zanzibar and the UK in 1896. Zanzibar surrendered after 38 minutes.

11/ Berwick-upon-Tweed was officially at war with Russia for 110 years.

12/ All men over the age of 14 must carry out two hours of longbow practice a day.

13/ In York, excluding Sundays, it is perfectly legal to shoot a Scotsman with a bow and arrow.

14/ Is the only country in the world which doesn’t have the country’s name on its postage stamps.

15/ Nowhere is more than 74½ miles from the sea.

16/ Portugal is the UK’s oldest ally. The Anglo-Portuguese Treaty signed in 1373 is still in force

17/ The lance ceased to be an official battle weapon in the British Army in 1927

18/ There are more chickens than humans in the UK.

19/ Dying is illegal in the Houses of Parliaments.

20/ Placing a postage stamp bearing the monarch’s head upside down on an envelope is considered as act of treason.

21/ The Licensing Act of 1872 explains that operating a cow or steam engine while intoxicated carries a prison sentence

22/ A law passed in 1585, making it illegal for women to “cause a nuisance with abusive or argumentative language”. A woman guilty of scolding had to wear a scold’s bridle, or metal cage, enclosing her head. The Criminal Law Act of 1967 finally abolished the punishment, and women may now scold freely.

23/ In 1647  Parliament abolished Christmas.

24/ Queen Anne had 17 children, all of them died before she did.

25/ The military salute comes from medieval knights raising theirs visors to see each other.

26/ Winston Churchill was born in the ladies toilet during a dance.

27/ In the 1700s, men who ran illegal gambling houses hired a special person to swallow the dice if the police showed up.

28/ Buckingham Palace was built on the site of a notorious brothel.

29/ About 25% of Londoners were born outside of the UK and can speak over 300 different languages.

30/ The British love donkeys! In 2006 the British public gave a total of 20m to a donkey sanctuary.

31/ Every year the average British family throws away 6 trees worth of paper.

32/ If you kill a deer whilst driving, you cannot eat it, however the next person who comes along can.

33/ If a whale is found on the British coast the Queen can claim the head and she has a legal right to the tail.

34/ Big Ben does not refer to the clock, but actually the bell.

35/ London has been called Londonium, Ludenwic, and Ludenburg in the past.

36/ French was the official language for about 300 years

37/ The first telephone directory published contained 25 names.

38/ The first hot chocolate store opened in London.

39/ There are over 300 languages spoken.

40/ The British drink more tea than anyone else in the world.

41/ In the Medieval Times, animals can be put on trial for crimes (and be sentenced to death!)

42/ “The Star Spangled Banner” (the American national anthem) was created by a British man.

43/ “Pygg” used to mean “clay” in olden day English. People kept their coins in clay jars that were called “pygg jars,” which have evolved into what we currently call piggy banks.

44/ Gargoyles were originally used as drain pipes!

45/ Buckingham Palace has its own police station.

46/ Windsor Castle is the largest royal home in the world.

47/ The Queen has 30 god children.

48/ The Queen owns all the sturgeons, whales and dolphins in the waters within 3 miles from the UK.

49/ The Queen sent her first e-mail in 1976.

50/ Prince William wanted to become a Police Officer when he was younger.

51/ He also has his own postage stamp.

52/ It’s considered treason to place a stamp bearing the King or Queen’s image upside-down.

53/ Kate Middleton is allergic to horses.

54/ According to biography.com, when Kate was younger, the boys in her school rated her a 2 out of 10 for looks and personality.

55/ Prince William had a poster of Baby Spice on his boarding room wall.

56/ Prince Harry got in trouble for dressing as a Nazi to a costume party.

57/ When Nelson Mandela met the Spice Girls, he called them his “heroes.”

58/ Ginger Spice was originally Sexy Spice, but changed to better suit their younger fans.

59/ Francesca Gray wrote J.K. Rowling her first fan letter, but thought she was a man, and began her letter with “Dear Sir…”

60/ J.K. Rowling is the first person to make a billion dollars from writing books.

61/ James Bond’s code “007″ was inspired by the author Ian Fleming’s bus route from Canterbury to London.

62/ No portrait was ever painted of William Shakespeare when he was alive.

63/ Macbeth is the most produced play ever written. On average, a performance is staged every 4 hours somewhere in the world.

64/ David Beckham has a fear of birds.

65/ London is home to 4 World Heritage Sites – The Palace of Westminster, the Tower of London, Maritime Greenwich, and Kew Botanical Gardens.

66/ The London Eye is the tallest ferris wheel in Europe.

67/ 25% of the people living in London today are born in another country.

68/ There are 409 escalators in the London subways.

69/ 16% of UK’s restaurants are located in London.

70/ London Bridge is rumoured to be haunted…people have claimed to see a woman in black roaming in the night.

71/ Everyone calls it the Tower of London, but the building’s full official name is “His Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London”.

72/ London is the first city in the world to have an underground subway system.

73/ Angel Tube Station has the longest escalator in Western Europe.

74/ London hosting the 2012 Olympics is the first time a city has ever hosted the Olympics three times.

75/ The London 2012 Olympics was the first time that every country has at least 1 female athlete.

76/ The London Olympic Stadium is the lightest stadium in the world.

77/ The gold medals used are actually 93% silver and 1.3% gold.

78 / If you find a Cab-driver in London not carrying a bale of hay overboard, he is breaking the law.

79 / Even though being the sovereign of The United Kingdom, Her Majesty the Queen is not allowed to enter the City of London without seeking the permission of its Lord Mayor.

80/ In 1945, a flock of starlings landed on the minute hand of Big Ben and put the time back by five minutes.

81 / The notorious London gangsters Ronnie and Reggie Kray were the last official prisoners of the Tower for a few days in 1952 for refusing to do their National Service. They were sent to the Tower as it was the barracks of the 1st Battalion Royal Fusiliers (London Regiment) to which they had been assigned.

82/It is an offence to impersonate a Chelsea Pensioner

83/ The British invented the world’s earliest railways.

84/ 80,000 umbrellas are expected to be lost annually in the London tube.

85/ There are over 30,000 people with the name John Smith in the UK.

86/ The UK brought the world soccer, rugby and polo.

87/ The first fish and chips restaurant was opened in 1860 by a Jewish immigrant.

88/ The Beatles originally called themselves the Blackjacks, and then the Quarrymen.

89/ Bristol is known as the “Seattle of England” because of its youth culture and fashion.  Disputed by: myselfishdream lol

Monday, Strange facts

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Monday gets a bad rap, but is it just because it’s the beginning of another long work week?

The English noun Monday derived sometime around 1000 AD from the Old English word, monedæi, which literally translates to ‘moon’s day’.

Because of its association with the moon and the moon’s tendency to wax and wane, many cultures view Monday as unlucky and even as a day when people literally lose their minds. The Latin word for moon, luna, is the root word for the English term, ‘lunacy’.

In the Netherlands, Monday is the most popular day to commit suicide, call in sick and, oddly enough, surf the web (probably because people are home pretending to be sick.)

According to the British Medical Journal, there is a reported 20% increase in heart attacks on Mondays as opposed to the other days of the week.

Monday is often referred to as ‘Blue Monday’.  It is easy to assume this is because of people’s moods, but actually, back in the old days, Monday was traditionally set aside as laundry day, and ‘bluing’ was  a technique used to keep white clothes from becoming gray and dingy.

Monday’s reputation is no stranger to the pop music scene. The Bangles felt pretty frazzled in their 1986 hit song ‘Manic  Monday’;  the Mamas and the Papas were ‘cryin’ all the time’ when Monday came around, in their 1966 hit ‘Monday, Monday’; and the Boomtown Rats sang about a homicidal teenager in their 1979 hit ‘I don’t like Mondays’.

Incidentally, this song is based on the true story of Brenda Spencer, who, in 1979 at the age of 17, opened fire on an elementary school in San Diego, killing two men, injuring 8 students and a police officer. Asked why she did it, she responded, “I don’t like Mondays. This livens up the day.”

In an odd counter approach, in July 2002, PriceWaterhouseCoopers Consulting branch announced that it would spend $110 million to re-name itself  ‘Monday’ a move, according to the company, intended to denote fresh thinking and new beginnings, rather than the unwelcome start of the working week.

Crossrail build yields Ancient ice skates

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A recent comment: “I want to see the ice skates!
Elephant”

While I can’t suggest that this image is from the dig, This is what they would have looked like in that time period. Made from bone and by the looks of it not the most effective device. A fantastic comment that has inspired me! history geek that I am.

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This from Wikipedia:

[edit source | editbeta]

Ice skating in Graz at 1909

Medieval bone skates on display at the Museum of London.

According to a study done by Federico Formenti,University of Oxford, and Alberto Minetti, University of MilanFinns were the first to develop ice skates some 5,000 years ago from animal bones.[2] This was important for the Finnish populations to save energy in harsh winter conditions when hunting in Finnish Lakeland.[3][4] The first skate to use a metal blade was found in Scandinavia and was dated to 200 and was fitted with a thin strip of copper folded and attached to the underside of a leather shoe.

William Fitzstephen, writing in the 12th century, described the use of bone skates in London:

…. when the great fenne or moore (which watereth the walles of the citie on the North side) is frozen, many young men play upon the yce, some striding as wide as they may, doe slide swiftly… some tye bones to their feete, and under their heeles, and shoving themselves by a little picked staffe, doe slide as swiftly as birde flyeth in the aire, or an arrow out of a crossbow.

I share the earth with people like this? “GASP”

wmart

This article clipping sounds an awful lot like something I might of found in the local paper in Missouri. Who knew going to Wal-mart was a cause for getting out your Sunday best, considering that a number of folks in Missouri attend W-mart in their P.J’s. This clipping does leave me pondering what the dress code for Dollar Palace must be! (Insert shudder here).

Just me, being me. A bit about myself.

besafe Thanks to the folks that find entertainment value in my odd bit of the internet.

In general I just care to share the odd bits of news that I stumble over on my journeys around the net. A number of people share their life stories here and thus feel no need to share my day to day experiences or events. I rather just provide a few cheap smiles, (fits anyone’s budgets).

If you enjoy this cheapened corner of word press. You may enjoy a visit to my web page as well : http://andymancan.batcave.net/

I am a middle aged male who lives in Vancouver, Canada. A stone mason by trade with a twisted sense of humour.

See you around the press!

Andy

Happy Canada Day!!

 
    1. Kanata is the St. Lawrence-Iroquoian word for “village” or “settlement.”n
    2. “O Canada,” originally named “Chant national,” was written by Adolphe-Basile Routhier (French lyrics) and Calixa Lavallée (music) and first performed in Quebec City in 1880. The song was approved by the Parliament of Canada in 1967 as the unofficial national anthem and adopted officially on July 1, 1980.c
    3. The border between Canada and the United States is officially known as the International Boundary. At 5,525 miles, including 1,538 miles between Canada and Alaska, it is the world’s longest border between two nations.n
    4. The Canadian motto, A Mari Usque ad Mare, means “From sea to sea.”n
 
flag of Canada
 
The Canadian flag is known as The Maple Leaf or l’Unifolié
 
    1. Although Nova Scotia was granted the British Empire’s first flag by King Charles I in 1625, Canada did not have a national flag until February 15, 1965, when its maple leaf flag was adopted by its parliament. Before that, the red ensign, a British maritime flag, was in general use.n
    2. At 3,855,103 square miles, Canada is the second largest country in the world, behind Russia.f
    3. Its population density is 8.6 people per square mile, making Canada the ninth-most sparsely populated nation in the world.f
    4. The average life expectancy at birth for a Canadian is 81.16 years, the eighth highest in the world. The United States ranks 46th, at 78.14 years.f
    5. The east coast of Canada was settled by Vikings around the year A.D. 1000. Archaeological evidence of a settlement has been found at L’anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland.l
    6. Snorri, the first North American child to be born of European parents (Thorfin and Gudrid), was born in Vinland around A.D. 1000.n
    7. Newfoundland was the first part of Canada to be explored by Europeans. Ironically, it was the last area to become a province, in 1949.m
    8. In 1642, a group of religious mystics from France were inspired by a vision to build a missionary city in the Canadian wilderness. Led by Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve and an Ursuline nun name Jeanne Mance, they founded Montreal.b
    9. According to the 2001 census, 42.6% of Canadians are Roman Catholic, 23.3% are Protestant, and 16% claim to have no religion.c
    10. Alert, in Nunavut territory, is the northernmost permanent settlement in the world.n
    11. Canada became a country on July 1, 1867, when the British North America Act was passed by the British Parliament.m
    12. The Mounted Police were formed in 1873, with nine officers.g In 1920, the Mounted Police merged with the Dominion Police to become the famous Royal Canadian Mounted Police, an organization that now has more than 28,000 members.k
    13. While ice hockey is Canada’s most prevalent sport, lacrosse is the country’s official sport.h The modern game of ice hockey was developed in Canada, based on games that have been played since the tenth century.c The rules were first published in theMontreal Gazette in 1877.a
 
basketball
 
Basketball has become popular around the world since being invented by a Canadian
 
    1. Canadian James Naismith invented basketball to give his physical education students at the YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts, an indoor team sport to play during the long winters.e
    2. The capital city, Ottawa, was originally named Bytown after Colonel John By, who headquartered there while building the Rideau Canal to connect the Ottawa River with Lake Ontario.l
    3. Canada has the longest coastline of any country in the world at 151,600 miles.n
    4. The regent of England, currently Queen Elizabeth II, is the Canadian head of state.m
    5. North America’s earliest undisputed evidence of human activity, 20,000-year-old stone tools and animal bones have been found in caves on the Bluefish River in northern Yukon.n
    6. North America’s lowest recorded temperature was -81.4 degrees Fahrenheit (-63 C) at Snag, Yukon Territory, on February 3, 1947.n
    7. Canada is known as the home of large animals like the moose and grizzly bear, but it is also home to about 55,000 species of insects and about 11,000 species of mites and spiders.d
    8. Canada contains 9% of the world’s renewable water supply.n
    9. The official languages of Canada are English and French. Throughout Canada’s history up to the current time, there have been conflicts between English and French-speaking Canadians.b
    10. Tensions between French Canada and English Canada reached a head in October 1970, when the Front de Liberation du Quebec (FLQ)—a terrorist organization that had bombed cities, robbed banks, and committed a number of other crimes—kidnapped the U.K. Trade Commissioner, Richard Cross. The army put an end to the revolt and arrested several hundred suspects.m
    11. In 1527, John Rut of St. John’s, Newfoundland, sent a letter to King Henry VIII—the first letter sent from North America.n
    12. Charles Fenerty, a poet from Halifax, Nova Scotia, was the first person to use wood fibers to make paper. He started experimenting in 1839 and produced paper from wood pulp in 1841.n
 
electric cooking range
 
Thomas Ahearn of Ottawa invented the electric cooking range in 1882
 
    1. Canadians have made many important inventions, including Kerosene, the electron microscope, the electronic organ, insulin, the IMAX film system, the snowmobile, and the electric cooking range.c
    2. Canada is a major producer and consumer of cheese. In 1997, Canadians produced 350,000 tons of at least 32 varieties of cheese and ate an average of 23.4 pounds per person, with cheddar being the most popular.c
    3. Many famous authors have come from Canada, including Lucy Maud Montgomery (Anne of Green Gables), Margaret Atwood (The Handmaid’s Tale), and Alice Munro (Lives of Girls and Women).c
    4. A black bear cub from Canada named Winnipeg (or “Winnie,” for short) was one of the most popular attractions at the London Zoo after it was donated to the zoo in 1915. Winnie became a favorite of Christopher Robin Milne and inspired the stories written by his father, A.A. Milne, about Winnie-the-Pooh.c
    5. The Moosehead Brewery in Saint John, New Brunswick, turns out 1,642 bottles of beer per minute.n
    6. Guy Lombardo of London, Ontario, first heard “Auld Lang Syne” as a teenage musician, when he and his brothers toured the rural areas that had been settled by Scots around his hometown.j
    7. Canada has made a significant contribution to rock and roll, beginning with “Sh-Boom” by the Crew-Cuts in 1954.i Other famous Canadian rock-and-rollers include Paul Anka, Neil Young, the Guess Who, Bachman Turner Overdrive, Steppenwolf, Avril Lavigne, Rush, Bryan Adams, and Barenaked Ladies.e
    8. Cryptozoologists claim that Canada is the home of several cryptids, including Sasquatch, a giant sloth-like creature known as the beaver-eater, a cannibalistic wildman named Windigo, and a number of lake monsters, such as Ogopogo in Lake Okanagan, British Columbia.c
    9. The natives of eastern Canada tell several stories of a mythical giant named Glooscap, who carved out many of the region’s natural features to help him overcome his evil twin brothers. It is believed that these Glooscap stories might be the origin of many of the Paul Bunyan legends.c
    10. The world’s strongest current is found in the Nakwakto Rapids at Slingsby Channel, British Columbia. The current has been measured at speeds up to 18.4 miles per hour.n
 
west edmonton mall
 
Galaxyland at the West Edmonton Mall is the world’s largest indoor amusement park
 
  1. The West Edmonton Mall in Edmonton, Alberta, was once the world’s largest shopping mall. It now ranks fifth, but it still contains the world’s largest indoor amusement park.n
  2. Alberta has 50% of the world’s supply of bitumen.n
  3. The CN Tower in Toronto was the world’s tallest free-standing structure until it was eclipsed in 2007.c
  4. Manitou Lake on Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron is the world’s largest lake within a lake (41.1 square miles).n

40 FACTS ABOUT SLEEP YOU PROBABLY DIDN’T KNOW… (OR WERE TOO TIRED TO THINK ABOUT)

The record for the longest period without sleep is 18 days, 21 hours, 40 minutes during a rocking chair marathon. The record holder reported hallucinations, paranoia, blurred vision, slurred speech and memory and concentration lapses.

 It’s impossible to tell if someone is really awake without close medical supervision. People can take cat naps with their eyes open without even being aware of it.

 Anything less than five minutes to fall asleep at night means you’re sleep deprived. The ideal is between 10 and 15 minutes, meaning you’re still tired enough to sleep deeply, but not so exhausted you feel sleepy by day.

 A new baby typically results in 400-750 hours lost sleep for parents in the first year

 One of the best predictors of insomnia later in life is the development of bad habits from having sleep disturbed by young children.

 The continuous brain recordings that led to the discovery of REM (rapid eye-movement) sleep were not done until 1953, partly because the scientists involved were concerned about wasting paper.

 REM sleep occurs in bursts totalling about 2 hours a night, usually beginning about 90 minutes after falling asleep.

 Dreams, once thought to occur only during REM sleep, also occur (but to a lesser extent) in non-REM sleep phases. It’s possible there may not be a single moment of our sleep when we are actually dreamless.

 REM dreams are characterised by bizarre plots, but non-REM dreams are repetitive and thought-like, with little imagery – obsessively returning to a suspicion you left your mobile phone somewhere, for example.

 Certain types of eye movements during REM sleep correspond to specific movements in dreams, suggesting at least part of the dreaming process is analagous to watching a film

 No-one knows for sure if other species dream but some do have sleep cycles similar to humans.

 Elephants sleep standing up during non-REM sleep, but lie down for REM sleep.

 Some scientists believe we dream to fix experiences in long-term memory, that is, we dream about things worth remembering. Others reckon we dream about things worth forgetting – to eliminate overlapping memories that would otherwise clog up our brains.

 Dreams may not serve any purpose at all but be merely a meaningless byproduct of two evolutionary adaptations – sleep and consciousness.

 REM sleep may help developing brains mature. Premature babies have 75 per cent REM sleep, 10 per cent more than full-term bubs. Similarly, a newborn kitten puppy rat or hampster experiences only REM sleep, while a newborn guinea pig (which is much more developed at birth) has almost no REM sleep at all.

 

 Scientists have not been able to explain a 1998 study showing a bright light shone on the backs of human knees can reset the brain’s sleep-wake clock.

 British Ministry of Defence researchers have been able to reset soldiers’ body clocks so they can go without sleep for up to 36 hrs. Tiny optical fibres embedded in special spectacles project a ring of bright white light (with a spectrum identical to a sunrise) around the edge of soldiers’ retinas, fooling them into thinking they have just woken up. The system was first used on US pilots during the bombing of Kosovo.

 Seventeen hours of sustained wakefulness leads to a decrease in performance equivalent to a blood alcohol-level of 0.05%.

 The 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill off Alaska, the Challenger space shuttle disaster and the Chernobyl nuclear accident have all been attributed to human errors in which sleep-deprivation played a role.

 The NRMA estimates fatigue is involved in one in 6 fatal road accidents.

 Exposure to noise at night can suppress immune function even if the sleeper doesn’t wake. Unfamiliar noise, and noise during the first and last two hours of sleep, has the greatest disruptive effect on the sleep cycle.

 The “natural alarm clock” which enables some people to wake up more or less when they want to is caused by a burst of the stress hormone adrenocorticotropin. Researchers say this reflects an unconscious anticipation of the stress of waking up.

 Some sleeping tablets, such as barbiturates suppress REM sleep, which can be harmful over a long period.

 In insomnia following bereavement, sleeping pills can disrupt grieving.

 Tiny luminous rays from a digital alarm clock can be enough to disrupt the sleep cycle even if you do not fully wake. The light turns off a “neural switch” in the brain, causing levels of a key sleep chemical to decline within minutes.

 To drop off we must cool off; body temperature and the brain’s sleep-wake cycle are closely linked. That’s why hot summer nights can cause a restless sleep. The blood flow mechanism that transfers core body heat to the skin works best between 18 and 30 degrees. But later in life, the comfort zone shrinks to between 23 and 25 degrees – one reason why older people have more sleep disorders.

 A night on the grog will help you get to sleep but it will be a light slumber and you won’t dream much.

 After five nights of partial sleep deprivation, three drinks will have the same effect on your body as six would when you’ve slept enough.

 Humans sleep on average around three hours less than other primates like chimps, rhesus monkeys, squirrel monkeys and baboons, all of whom sleep for 10 hours.

 Ducks at risk of attack by predators are able to balance the need for sleep and survival, keeping one half of the brain awake while the other slips into sleep mode.

 Ten per cent of snorers have sleep apnoea, a disorder which causes sufferers to stop breathing up to 300 times a night and significantly increases the risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke.

 Snoring occurs only in non-REM sleep

 

 Teenagers need as much sleep as small children (about 10 hrs) while those over 65 need the least of all (about six hours). For the average adult aged 25-55, eight hours is considered optimal

 Some studies suggest women need up to an hour’s extra sleep a night compared to men, and not getting it may be one reason women are much more susceptible to depression than men.

 Feeling tired can feel normal after a short time. Those deliberately deprived of sleep for research initially noticed greatly the effects on their alertness, mood and physical performance, but the awareness dropped off after the first few days.

 Diaries from the pre-electric-light-globe Victorian era show adults slept nine to 10 hours a night with periods of rest changing with the seasons in line with sunrise and sunsets.

 Most of what we know about sleep we’ve learned in the past 25 years.

 As a group, 18 to 24 year-olds deprived of sleep suffer more from impaired performance than older adults.

 Experts say one of the most alluring sleep distractions is the 24-hour accessibility of the internet.

 The extra-hour of sleep received when clocks are put back at the start of daylight in Canada has been found to coincide with a fall in the number of road accidents.

It’s Hitchin Season! (redneck, (n) getting married.)

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My heart felt blessings to each and all who have their “life partner”.  For those about to saddle up and make the big day I have a few smiles for you to take a break from all that pesky stress.

I never provide lame content your sure to either laugh or cry… Maybe both..

I posted the link on andymancan.batcave.net

You can find the goodness here: http://andymancan.batcave.net/jn292013.html

If you enjoy my humour I am also on twitter: @vancouverandy1

Enjoy,

Andy

I wonder if clouds ever look down on us and say “Hey look. That one is shaped like an idiot

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I am a person that does a lot of of crazy things. That said I wonder “why” we do such things.

For some I guess it’s for attention but in my case I firmly feel that I do it, for self entertainment. I can not claim that I actually care what anyone else thinks about my actions. which is ok with me because it never is done with the intent to create harm or pain for others.

I pause and reflect my special “Andy Brand”, of idiot does not involve waking up one morning and saying to myself, “You know what would be fun to do today? I think I will tie a bag of blood soaked meat to my leg and then go swimming with the sharks. After that hmmm, maybe jump out of an airplane.” Those folks I will never understand!

Any who my two cents worth for today.